A new report has led to the creation of an action plan to boost productivity and innovation in agriculture at the House of Lords.
The Application of Science report examines why UK agriculture productivity has lagged behind other nations and puts forward a series of recommendations to deliver science more quickly to tackle food security.
“Britain has some of the best scientists in the world, but unfortunately that science is often slow to be applied at the farm level,” said Lord Curry of Kirkharle, who chaired the Application of Science working group.
“We understand the government budget constraints, but food security, carbon net zero and biodiversity are existential challenges that require action,” said Professor Michael Lee, deputy vice-chancellor of Harper Adams University, and deputy chair of the working group.
The working group grew out of a webinar earlier this year, where Food and Farming Futures and Harper Adams University’s School of Sustainable Food and Farming asked how the application of science could be best delivered to ensure a just agricultural transition in response to the Agriculture Act 2020, climate change and the reality of war in Europe.
One key insight from the report is that the path from scientific discovery to on-farm application is fragmented, with the UK lacking a public or private entity clearly responsible for the application of science in practical agriculture.
This is most noticeable for innovations that change practises (crop rotation, grazing management, timing of field operations, tillage). Innovations that involve purchasing new inputs or services have been championed by agribusiness and Agri-Tech Centres.
“Everyone in the working group agrees that food security must be treated by the government as a public good, worthy of being supported with public money, just as much as biodiversity and carbon net zero,” said Professor James Lowenberg-DeBoer, the Elizabeth Creak chair of agri-tech economics at Harper Adams University and lead author of the report.
“Some other aspects of the report were intensely debated, but it was obvious to everyone that food security is essential for a functional modern society.”
The report seeks to tackle these challenges, with a series of recommendations. Among these are:
- Food security should be considered by the UK government as a public good and included in the “public money for public goods” approach.
- Funding should be prioritised by Government to agricultural extension and the delivery of scientific knowledge.
- UK agriculture should attract talent from all sectors of society.
- Universities with strong local and regional agricultural interests should consider making it part of some academic staff’s roles to take knowledge out to farms and farmers.
- Electronic communication methods should be used alongside in-person events to share knowledge.
- National coordination should be encouraged between demonstration farms throughout the UK.
- The UK Government’s review of the Agri Tech Centres should consider establishing a single management structure to build on their shared vision, improve cross-sector working, and achieve greater efficiencies and influence.
- The UK Government should establish a “What Works Centre”, streamlining the evaluation and sharing of agri-food research. This Centre should co-ordinate closely across the agricultural sector.
- Finally, agricultural research funding should have a stronger problem-solving and collaborative focus with the formation of a specific Agri-Food committee.
Professor Michael Lee said: “From conflict in Europe to climate change, UK agriculture is facing a series of challenges on a scale unparalleled in recent times.
“Responding to these challenges needs action from all of us – from the farmer in the field to our academics at universities like Harper Adams driving the latest research, and from the industries who need the best talent to the policymakers whose decisions set the conditions for growth.
“This report sets a route map for each of us to follow – and I am very grateful to Lord Curry for both working with the School of Sustainable Food and Farming at Harper Adams on its production, and for helping us launch it in Parliament.”
Lord Curry added: “This is a critical moment for the agricultural sector as we adjust to new Government policies in a post-Brexit world.
“It is essential that we ‘speed up’ the adoption of relevant science if we are to respond to Government priorities and take advantage of market opportunities at home and abroad.
“The Government needs to take these recommendations very seriously indeed.”
You can read the full report at www.schoolofsustainablefoodandfarming.org